As the successor of MDGs, 2030 agenda of sustainable development was adopted by all member states of UN in September 2015, which is universal, integrated and transformative agenda for sustainable development. It has tried to remedy the shortcomings and gaps of the MDGs. Agenda 2030 is integrated, indivisible and balance of three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental and poverty eradication is stated as the overarching goal. UN 2030 agenda has proposed 17 goals and 169 targets and they are integrated and indivisible, global in nature and universally applicable. Government, CSOs and other actors have started to work on this agenda.
NGO Federation of Nepal (NFN) is the national NGOs' platform of NGOs, which has been continuously coordinating the civil society process on sustainable development agenda. Assembly of CSOs that held on 25 February 2016 in Kathmandu formed "CSOs Forum on Sustainable Development in Nepal", in short it is called "Nepal SDGs Forum".On behalf of Nepal SDGs Forum, NFN organized a National REVIEW PROGRAMME ON SDG 16 in support of UNDP Nepal and Forum for Women, Law and Development (FWLD). The Programme was held in Alfa House, New Baneshwor on June 8, 2017. NFN is working as a focal organization of Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Main objective of the programme was to review the implementation processes and achievements made so fare on Goal 16 and its targets. And also to share the information with each other, identify issues and challenges and find way outs to address the issues and challenges. SDGs working groups, federation, alliances, INGO, and National Planning Commission were the participants of this programme. Programme was started at 3:00 P.M., Ms. Bhawana Bhatta welcomed all the guests, panelists and participants and formally started the programme. Altogher 77 persons were present in the programme. President of NFN Mr. Gopal Lamsal highlighted on the objectives of programme in the opening. The first session started with the sharing of AYON/SDGs Youth Alliance initiatives to achieve goal 16. Following the sharing session Mr. Daya Sagar Shrestha Executive Director of NFN highlighted about Nepal SDGs Forum, SDG 16, Global indicators of goal 16, national workshop on SDG16, and gap and issues identified in SDG 16 workshop. Similarly, representative from National Planning Commission Secretariat also shared about the government works on SDG 16, their plans to achieve goal 16 and about the indicators.
In the same way panel discussion session of the programme started with the introduction of the panelists. 7 Panelist from different organizations talked on different topic. Mr. Tarak Dhital shared about the child protection, Dr. Deepak Bhatta talked about peace and human security, Mr. Subodh Raj Pyakurel spoke on rule of law and access to justice, Mr. Kedar Khadka kept his views on anti-corruption and public accountability. Similarly, Dr. Mukti Rijal and Ms. Rosana Pradhan talked on democratic governance and legal identity respectively. At last Mr. Tara Nath Dahal put his views on access to information and fundamental freedoms.Panel discussion's main focus was on the national status on goal 16 and its implementation. The main point that came out as conclusion was that the national implementation status is weak, so we need to work strongly on it. In context of Nepal still we are lacking on inclusive participation, to achieve goal 16, we need to work in hand in hand without leaving anyone behind. Still we are facing identity crises, we have to fight for citizenship, and women are still struggling to get their rights and position in society. These all problems will always push us backward and we cannot achieve our goal as we have planed. So we have to work on all these aspects and make it as pulling factor. Right to information is another issue, most of our citizens are unaware about the SDGs and its importance. Public access to information is lacking, government should make sure that every citizens are getting fundamental rights to information and CSOs also strongly work on it. Panelist also gave recommendations to National Planning Commission (NPC).
Similarly, third session of the programme was remarks from guests. In this session Ms. Vibeke Sorum from Embassy of Norway in Nepal and Basudev Guha-Khasonbis from UNDP Nepal shared their views. Dr. Bimala Rai Poudel, former member of NPC kept her points on SDG 16, she said we should work as we plan, then only we can achieve what we want. Planning is important and its implementation is more important. According her SDG should be implemented as a campaign rather than its projectization. At the end of the programme Mr. Gopal Lamsal thanked all the participations and concluded the program.This programme was remained successful to exchange the information about the initiatives undertaken by Government, CSOs and development partners. Importantly, views of panelists have been taken as guidelines to work further on SDG 16. All the participants have realized that Goal 16 should be taken as a cross-cutting goal as Goal 5 and Goal 17 because it is directly related with justice, governance and institutional capacity development.